2、比较句型:A+be动词+形容词的比较级+than +B“A比B 。.。. (注意: A与B必须是同级的,即必须是人与人,物与物进行对比)副词比较级常用的句型结构:

。“A+实意动词+副词比较级+ than + B”表示“A比B.。.

2、比较A,B两人两事物问其中哪- -个较。.时用句型;

“Who/which +谓语动词+ adj./adv.比较级,Aor B ?”

Who is thinner, Jenny or Mary?


1、“比较级+and+比较级”,意为“越来越”。多音节比较级用more and more+原级

2、“the+比较级(。.)。. the+比较级(。.)"意思是:”越。.越。."The more, the better.

3、主isthe形比+of the two+名复“主语是两者中。.”

4、两者在某一方面相同:() A+谓语动词+as+ adj/adv.原级+ as+ B.

Helen is as tall as Amy.

Peter studies as hard as Tom.

表示两者在某一方面不及另-方时,用“not as/so+形容词或副词原级+as"

Eg. I am not as tall as my sister.


当需要表示一方超过另一方的程度时,可以用much, a lot, a lttle, a bit,等来修饰形容词比较级。注意:比较级不能用very, so, too, quite等修饰。


1.have fun=Have a good time玩得开心

have fun doing sth :做某事很开心

2、 do the same things as me.


the same 。.as.。.与……相同

3、 A good fried is good at sports. (翻译) be good at.……擅长……… ,其后可接名词、代词或动名词。同义词组: do well in



4、 care about关心

care for关爱

take care (当/小心)

take care of (照顾)=look after

5.makes me laugh.

make sb. do sth.意为:让某人做某事

His father always makes him get up before five o" clock.(他父亲总是让他五点前起床)


make sb. +形容词:使某人保持某种状态:

e.g. My friends always make me happy

6.be like"就像。."→

I am like your sister.

Look like“外貌上的像”→

l look like my sister.

7.That"s why+句子:那就。.。的原因/那就是为什么。.。

8.It"s+形+ (for sb.) to do sth. “做某事(对某人来说)是。.。 ”

9、 make frends with sb.与某人交朋友

10、 as long as只要:既然,引导条件状语从句

11、 be different from与。.。.不同;

反: be the same as与。.。.相国

12.though① adv:不过:可是:然而(句末补充说明使语气减弱)

②conj.虽然;尽管: -although与but不能同时用在一个句子中

eg :He said he would come, he didn"t, though.他说他要来,可是并没有来。

Though/Although he has been dead for many years, many people still remember him.尽管他已经去世很多年了,但很多人仍然记得他

better grades取得更好的成绩


I work harder than Tom___ (is/do/does/did)。

15.be good with sb.与某人相处得好






1. have a fever 发烧

2. have a cough 咳嗽

3. have a toothache 牙疼

4. talk too much 说得太多

5. drink enough water 喝足够的水

6. have a cold 受凉;感冒

7. have a stomachache 胃疼

8. have a sore back 背疼

9. have a sore throat 喉咙痛

10.lie down and rest 躺下来休息

11. hot tea w ith honey 加蜂蜜的热茶

12.see a dentist 看牙医

13. get an X-ray 拍X 光片

14. take one’ s temperature 量体温

15. put some medicine on sth. 在……上面敷药

16. feel very hot 感到很热

17. sound like 听起来像

18. allweekend 整个周末

19. in the same way 以同样的方式

20. goto a doctor 看医生

21. go along 沿着……走

22. on the side of the road 在马路边

23. shoutfor help 大声呼救

24. without th inking twice 没有多想

25. get off 下车

26. have aheart problem 有心脏病

27. to one’ s surprise 使。 [京讶的

28. thanks to 多亏了;由于



1. Clean-Up Day 清洁日

2. anold people’s home 养老院

3. help out with sth. 帮助解决困难

4. used to 曾经… 过去_

5. care for 关心;照顾

6. the look of joy 快乐的表情

7. atthe age of 在。岁时

8.clean up 打扫(或清除)干净

9. cheer up (使)变得更高兴;振雀

10. give out 分发;散发

11. come up with 想出;提出

12.make a plan 制订计划

13. make some notices 做些公告牌

out 试用;试行

15. work for 为…工作;为…. 效力

16. put up 建造;举起;张贴

17. hand out 分发;散发;发给

18. call up 打电话;召集

19. put off 推迟;延迟

20. for example 比如;例如

21. raise money 筹钱;募捐

22. take after 与。相像;像

23. give away 赠送;捐赠

24. fix up 修理;修补;解决

25. be similar to 与……相似

26. set up 建立;设立

27. disabled people 残疾人

28. make a difference 影响;有作用


Unit 1 What’s the matter?


1. What’ s the matter? 怎么啦?出什么事情了?

【解析】matter/ " m?t?(r)) /n.问题;事情

What’ s the matter with you?= What’s the trouble with you? = What’ s wrong with you? 你怎么了?

【注】: matter 和trouble 为名词, 其前可加the 或形容词性物主代词,wrong 是adj. 不能加the

【用法】用于询问某人有什么病或某人遇到什么麻烦、问题其后跟询问对象时, 与介词with连用。即:

What’s the matter with sb.? = What’s your trouble? = What’s up? = What happens to sb.?

— What’s the matter with you ? — I have a bad cold.

2. I had a cold.我感冒了。 have a cold=catch a cold=have the flu感冒

have a fever 发烧 have a cough咳嗽 have a stomachache胃疼,肚子疼 have a toothache牙疼 have a headache头疼

3. 身体部位+ache(疼痛)构成新的复合词

stomach+ache=stomachache head+ache=headache tooth+ache=toothache back+ache=backache后背痛

4. much too+ 形容词,意为 太。 ,too much+名词,意为 很多,大量 。

5. enough【形容、副词】足够的/地,enough放在名前后,形副后。good enough足够好,enough money=much money

6. lie down躺下, lie 躺,躺着,过去式lay;lie说谎,过去式lied

7. maybe “或许”,常用于句首,表示可能性,后加句子。Maybe you are right.

may be,是情态动词+be的结构,意为“可能,也许”,后加名词、代词或形容词。He may be angry.

sound like+名词代词和从句:It sounds like you don’t know the truth.

It sounds like a good idea. sound+形容词,“听起来,好像”,The music sounds nice.

9. need 需要,实义动词need+名词,需要某物;

need to do sth.需要做某事,主语通常是人,表示人主动的动作:You need to listen carefully during class.

need doing sth.主语通常是物,表示被动的动作:Your dirty clothes need washing.

10. get off (the bus) 下(公交车) get on 上车


1. it"s a good/ great way to do sth 做。的好方法。

He likes joining some activities because it’s a good way to make friends 他喜欢参加一些活


The best way to do sth 做某事的方式

I think the best way to learn English is through English。学英语的方式就是朗读。

2. It’s one’s first time to do sth 第一次做某事

It’s my first time to speak English with foreigners. 这是我第一次和外国人说英语。

3. want to do sth = would like to do sth 想做某事

4. decide to do sth 决定做某事

He decides to have a travel in this winter vacation. 他决定在这个寒假去旅行。

5. be determined to do sth 下定决心做某事

She determined to get good grades in this final examination. 她下定决心要在这次的期末


6. Invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事

He didn’t invite me to have dinner with them 他没有邀请我和他们共进晚餐。

Invite sb to a place 邀请某人到某处

He wants to invite the girl to his birthday party。 他想邀请那个女孩参加他的生日宴会。

7. help sb(to)do sth= help(sb)with sth 帮助某人做某事

he helped me with my English。= he helped me to study English.

8. order sb to do sth 命令某人做某事

the boss ordered him to finish the work before 5 o’clock 老板命令他五点之前完成工作

9. plan to do sth 计划做某事


1. 关于 to 的短语总结

have to do sth. 不得不/必须做某事

need to do sth. 需要做某事

hate to do sth. 讨厌做某事

like to do sth. 喜欢做某事

want to do sth. 想做某事

love to do sth. 热爱做某事

forget to do sth. 忘记做某事

start to do sth. 开始做某事

begin to do sth. 开始做某事

ask sb to do sth. 请某人做某事

2. ---Could you please clean your room?

---Yes, sure. / Sorry, I can"t. I have to do my homework first.

---Could I please use the car?

---Sure. / Certainly. / Of course. / No, you can"t. I have to go out.

在表示请求帮助或请求允许的疑问句中,常用 could 代替 can,以表示礼貌,委婉或不确定的语气,而 can 则不具备这些语气。这种情况下不能把 could 看作 can 的过去式。以上两句中用 could 是为了表示礼貌的请求。表示请求帮助或请求允许时,除了 can, could 之外,还可以用 may,句子的表达方式也各有不同,可以用不同的方式来表示同一个概念。例:

Could / Can / May I use your car for a day?


如同意可以说 Yes,或 Sure 或 Certainly,还可说 Yes, (do) please.或 Of course. (you may / can). 或 That"s OK / all right.

如果不同意,可以说 I"m sorry you can"t. 或 I"m really sorry, but I have to use it today. 要避免说 No, you can"t. 这样显得很不礼貌。否定回答通常用委婉语气。




1、 some和any +可数名/不可数名。some多用于肯定句,any多用于否定句、疑问句和条件从句。有些间句中用some,不用any,问话者希望得到对方肯定回答。

2、由some, any, no, every构成的复合不定代词作主语时,其谓语动词用第三单

3、不定代词若有定语修饰,该定语要置于其后:如: somehing interesting


1 、take a photo/ take photos拍照

quite a few+名词复数“许多。.”

2、seeng[形容词看起来-.。 You seem happy today.

to do sth.似乎、好像做某事

I seem to have a cold

It seems +从句似-. It seems that no one believe you.

seem like -.好像,似乎。.。 It seems like a good idea,

3、 { arive in +大地点,= gtto= reach+地点名“到达。.

arrive at +小地点

(注:若后跟地点副词here/therehome,介词需省略,如: arive here; get home)

4、 feel like sth/ doing sth.感觉像是。.。

5、 wonder“想知道”,+疑问词(who, what, why)引导的从句。

because of +名/代/-ing


He can’t take a walk because of the rain.

1 don’t buy the shirt because it was too expensive.

7.enough +名词:“足够。.”





例如:Gina is from Australia.

She often goes to the movies.

This kind of juice tastes good!



例如: We are both quiet.

He has a smart phone.

You should study harder.

Her parents are teachers.

3. 宾语:


例如:He"s playing soccer.

Good food and exercise help me to study harder.


1. It takes sb. some time to do sth. 花费某人某些时间去做某事,例如:

It takes me twenty minutes to get to school on foot every morning.每天早晨我步行到学校要花费二十分钟。

It will take three hours to finish the work.完成那项工作需要花费三个小时。

2.depend v. 依靠,依赖depend(常与on, upon连用)视情况而定

It all depends on how you tackle the problem.那要看你如何应付这问题而定。

Children must depend on their parents.孩子们必须依赖他们的父母

3.How do you get to/reach/arrive at school? 你怎样到达学校?

I ride to school./ I get to school by bike.骑车

I take a bus to school. / I get to school by bus.做公共汽车

I take the subway to get to school./I get to school by subway.坐地铁

I walk./ I get to scool on foot 走着去

4 .on/in+修饰词(形容词性物主代词;名词所有格;冠同等)+交通工具,强调乘坐某种交通工具。For example:

Jack goes to school on his bike.杰克骑车去学校

Mr. Green goes to work in his car every day. 格林先生每天开车去上班

5. How does Lucy go to school?(单三)路西怎么去学校?

She rides her bike. 她骑车去

6. How long does it take?那要花多长时间?

It takes twenty minutes. 花20分钟

7 .How long does it take them to get to the bus station?到汽车站得多久?

It takes them about two hours to get to the bus station.用了他们两个小时

8. How far is it from his home to school? 从家到学校有多远?

It is five miles. 五英里

9. We waited at the bus stop. 我们在公共汽车站等(车)。

10.The old man lives on a small pension.老人靠一小笔退休金生活。

11. I"ve never heard of anyone doing that. 我从未听说有人做那种事。

12. A town is bigger than a village but smaller than a city. town通常指“城镇、集镇、小镇”,对应于country/countryside.有时指城市里的闹市区或商业中心。

13. until用于肯定句中,表示动作一直持续到until所表示的时间为止。

I will wait here until the concert is over.我将一直在这儿等到音乐会结束。

14. not…until用于否定句中,表示动作的转折。意思为“直到……才”


She can"t leave until Friday.在星期五之前她不能离开




例如:People are all working hard.

Beijing is not very cold in winter.



例如:You should keep the room clean and tidy.


(You是主语, should keep是谓语,the room是宾语,clean and tidy是宾语补足语。)

This kind of food tastes delicious.


(This kind of food是主语, tastes是系动词, delicious是表语。)






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